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Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement is one of the most common and very successful surgery done worldwide. This has been done since the early 1970's and millions of people suffering from Arthritic knees have got their life back. Afterall life is mobility and mobility is life. Total knee replacement surgery is considered for patients whose knee joints have been damaged by either progressive arthritis, trauma, or other rare destructive diseases of the joint. The most common reason for knee replacement is severe osteoarthritis of the knees.

The goals of a total knee replacement operation are

  • The relief of pain
  • The correction of knee joint deformity
  • The restoration of knee joint motion
  • The restoration of knee joint function
  • Creation of a stable knee joint.
Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement is a procedure utilized to resurface an arthritic knee joint. Unlike total hip replacement, where a large segment of bone is removed, in total knee replacement it is simply the arthritic surfaces of the bone that are trimmed and then resurfaced with metal and plastic parts. In total knee replacement, the ligaments that join between the femur and the tibia on the outer portions are maintained. Recently designed Knee replacement surgery appear to have 85% to 90% survival at twenty years.

What are the risks of undergoing a total knee replacement?

Risks of total knee replacement include blood clots in the legs that can travel to the lungs (pulmonary embolism). Pulmonary embolism can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, and even shock.

What are the risks of undergoing a total knee replacement?

Risks of total knee replacement include blood clots in the legs that can travel to the lungs (pulmonary embolism). Pulmonary embolism can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, and even shock.

Other risks include chronic knee pain and stiffness, nerve damage, blood vessel injury, and infection of the knee which can require re-operation.

Anaesthesia

Total knee replacement is done either under General anaesthesia or Spinal Anaesthesia and the anaesthetist will decide which is best for that particular patient. Postoperative pain is managed by epidural analgesia.

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